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Single Reclist oto.ini OREMO Recording Package Salem's Japanese Reclists + Base OTOs

Make sure to encode any kana files in Shift-JIS so that UTAU and OREMO can read them properly!​

Major Update: Reclists are now hosted as pure text on my new website.

This should allow them to be easily updated with no hassle of links breaking. That page will be updated more frequently than this resource.

I recently overhauled them, so while the techniques are tried-and-true and I've looked them over several times, there may be minor typos I haven't caught. Similarly, base otos may not be fully optimal. Which reclists have been tested are noted on the website; I will test more of them as I have time. Please let me know if you encounter any problems while using them.

Currently, reclists and base otos are only available in romaji encoding with kana aliasing.


ReclistString CountAvg. String LengthEst. Time to Record *OTO LengthMax Pitches
Minimum CV1021 mora15 min102321
Standard CV1601 mora25 min163201
CV + Extras1901 mora30 min190172
Efficiency VCV1368 mora35 min95834
Efficiency VCV + Extras1988 mora50 min137323
7-Mora VCV1747 mora45 min95834
5-Mora VCV2615 mora45 min95834
Stringed CVVC348 mora10 min312105
Stringed CVVC + Initial CVs628 mora15 min44274
Stringed CVVC + Extras558 mora15 min49366
Stringed CVVC + Extras + CVCs948 mora25 min79241
2-Mora CVVC1582 mora25 min42876
2-Mora CVVC + Extras2222 mora35 min75643

* If you're a beginner, expect it to take longer than this.


These are indicative of how I write reclists. If you're using a list made by someone other than me, it may be handled differently in some ways.


  • [_] in the middle of a string represents a single beat of silence between syllables.
  • [-] in the middle of a string represents no pause between syllables and is just there for readability.
  • ['] in between vowels represents a glottal stop.
  • [_][___][+__][C__] etc. at the beginning of a string is just there for organizational purposes.

Kana and Romanization​

For non-standardized kana / romanization, I followed common conventions or else used what felt logical.
  • The syllabic nasal [ん] is represented with [N] in some VCV and CVVC lists (but not their aliases) to indicate its varied pronunciation.
  • Syllabic nasals in vowel strings are marked as [ん ン ン2] or [n ng m].
  • [ng] as a CV may use the "g" hiragana set with handakuten, e.g. [か゚], but this is more difficult to type so instead I use the "g" katakana set, like [ガ].
  • [th] as in "thing" and [dh] as in "this" use the "s" and "z" katakana sets, e.g. [サ ザ]. [dhi] and [zhi] are differentiated as [ジ] and [ジィ].
  • Other reclists may use [rr] to represent an English r instead of a trilled r. I include both by having English r be written as [wr], which follows English orthography and alludes to its manner of articulation.
  • There is not a good way to differentiate between the four liquids [r l rr wr] in kana, so I put a [2] after the less commonly used phonemes, e.g. [ら ラ ら2 ラ2].
  • [を] is treated as if it is pronounced as [うぉ] rather than [お].
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Highly recommend this website as a one-stop-shop for Japanese reclists. I share this resource all the time.